- Various types of art styles, such as those used in modern painting -
Part of the joy of painting in the 21st century is the range of art styles to choose from. The late 19th and 20th centuries saw artists who significantly influenced modern painting with newly invented work techniques and changed social conventions in politics, philosophy and worldviews.
The following list outlines some great art styles, from the most realistic to the less realistic, abstract. The knowledge of different styles of art and seeing what great painters have created with it are an essential part of the development of their own style in painting.
Photorealism developed in the late 1960s and 70s from a reaction to the abstract Expressionism movement of the 1940s. Artists copied photos, often by projection onto a canvas, to precisely capture details. Super Realism, Sharp Focus Realism and Hyper Realism are further developments of photorealism based on advances in photographic resolution. There are small differences between the styles, but ultimately they are all art styles in which the illusion of reality is created by color, so that the result looks like a large, sharply focused photo.
Photorealism is a style that is often more real than reality, including the detail to the last grain of sand and wrinkles on someone's face where nothing is left out, and nothing is too insignificant or unimportant not to be included in the painting.
Realism is the art style that most people consider "real art," where the theme of the painting appears as in real life rather than being romanticized or glorified. From a distance, everything looks "real", but up close you will see that it is an illusion created by the skillful use of color, color and tone. The artist uses perspective to create an illusion of space and depth by setting the composition and lighting so that the theme appears real.
Picturesque is a style or technique that can be realistic or abstract, but uses more of the illustrative possibilities of paint, brush, and texture. It does not try to hide what was used to create the painting by smoothing out any texture or markings that would smooth out in color through a brush or other tool such as a palette knife.
Impressionism is a style of art that is still very popular today. It's hard to imagine, but when it first appeared on the art scene in Paris in the 19th century, most critics made that style ridiculous. What was then considered an unfinished and harsh painter style is now seen as the effect of light on nature, filtered through an artistic eye, to show us exactly what to see when we know how to look right ,
Expressionism / Fauvism
Expressionism and Fauvism are characterized by the artist's unwillingness to use realistic colors or use perspective techniques to restore an illusion of reality. Rather, colors are chosen to feel the emotions or create emotional effects.
An example of this art style: while we know that nobody's face is green, nor does anyone have a line around his chin or nose, we will still recognize it as a painting of a face. But instead of being an image of someone, it is a painting that above all gives a sense of mood and emotion.
Abstraction is about painting the essence or interpretation of a subject rather than the visible, realistic details, while still remaining an echo of what it is. The motif can be reduced to the dominant colors, shapes or patterns or the theme can be removed from its context and enlarged or to simplify a subject, details can be eliminated. Just enough to capture the character of the scene.
Pure abstract art does not seek to look like the "real world", it is an art style that is intentionally unrepresentative. The theme or the point of the painting are the colors, the textures in the graphics, the materials used to create it.
In absolute, abstract art, for example, it looks like a random confusion of color whose expression casts a spell over the viewer.
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